About HajoHajo is an ancient city situated in Assam. It lies on the banks of the Brahmaputra river and is situated 24 kms from Guwahati.
Hajo is considered as a pilgrimage centre by the Hindus, Muslims and the Buddhists. There are several temples and mosques in Hajo.
History of HajoThe name Hajo is interpreted in different ways by people of different religion. The name Hajo is associated with Haj by the Muslims. While the scholars like Banikanta Kakati says that Hajo comes from the Bodo word Ha which means land and gojou which means high, hence it is hagojou and the modification of which becomes Hajo.
Buddhists believe that when Gautam Buddha died in the place people exclaimed Ha-ju which meant ‘setting sun’ hence the place came to be known as Hajo. In the Kalika Purana Hajo was called Apurnabhava and Manikuta. It was called Bishnupuskar in the Yogini Tantra. The Mughals used to call the place as Sujabad.
According to mythology the Pandavas took shelter in Hajo during their agyatvas. Hajo was the seat of the Kochs, Mughals and Ahom kingdom. It served as the capital of the Koch kingdom in the 16th century. It was called Koch Hajo then and covered the area of North Kamrup, Goalpara and part of Darrang district.
Geography of HajoHajo is situated in Kamrup district. The geographical area of Hajo is 26 ° 15 ' 0" North and 91 ° 32 ' 0 " east. Hajo has a tropical monsoon type of climate. During summer the temperature ranges between 22 to 38 degrees. Monsoon starts from May and lasts till September. The city experiences an annual rainfall of 180 cm. During winter temperature is between 10 to 25 degrees.
Economy of HajoThe primary income of Hajo comes from agriculture. Hajo is also famous for bell metal works. This industry contributes a lot to the economy of the state.
Hajo is considered as a pilgrimage centre by the Hindus, Muslims and the Buddhists. There are several temples and mosques in Hajo. It is a place where the religion of Hindus, Muslims and the Buddhists are practiced with equal importance.
Services and Utilities in HajoEvery town requires the basic amenities which makes the management of the society easier. Services and other utilities from the government as well as other private organisations are necessary for the proper management of a town. Banks, postal services, healthcare, electricity amongst others are only a few of the entire needs of a human. Discussed below are some of the details of these services available in Hajo.
Banks in HajoBeing a developing town, all the banks are not available in Hajo. The few which are available are:
Vill: Hajo, Patani,
P.O : Hajo
IFSC Code: CNRB0004247
Branch Code: 004247
MICR Code: 781015506
Central Bank Of India
P. S.: Hajo,
IFSC Code: CBIN0284943
State Bank Of India
P. O. Hajo,
IFSC Code: SBIN0015304
Branch Code: 015304
Tourism of HajoHajo is considered the pilgrimage centre of the Hindus, Muslims and Buddhists. Hajo being the centre of three main religions, there are many places of tourist attractions. The most important tourist destinations in Hajo are the Hayagriva Madhava Mandir and the Poa Mecca.
Hayagriva Madhava TempleThe Hayagriva Madhava temple is situated at Hajo in Assam. The temple is situated atop Monikut hill. It is a stone temple. The temple enshrines an image of Hayagriva Madhava. The presiding deity of the temple is lord Vishnu. The Hayagriva Madhava temple is a pilgrimage centre for both the Hindus and Buddhists.
History and Legend of Hayagriva Madhava templeThe history of Hayagriva Madhava temple goes back to the mythological times. It is said that during the process of creation two demons Madhu and Kaitabha had stolen the Vedas from lord Brahma. Lord Brahma went to Lord Vishnu for recovering the Vedas. Lord Vishnu took the form of Hayagriva, fought with the demons and handed the Veda to Brahma.
The temple was constructed by king Raghudeva Narayan in 1583. Some historians say that the temple was constructed by the king of Pala dynasty in the 6th century. During the days of Purnananda Burhagohain a plot of land was donated to the temple.
Structure of Hayagriva Madhava templeHayagriva Madhava is a stone temple. The rows of elephants could be seen on the body of the temple. These sculptures are fine specimens of Assamese art.
The temple is divided into three parts namely Garbhagriha (basement), centre and Sikhara (top). The Garbhagriha is made up of bricks. It has an area of 14 sq feet. The Sikhara has a pyramidical plane face. The anteroom is made up of stones. There are two stone screens, cut into lotus shape, which is lied on the either side of the anteroom.
On the upper walls of the temple figures of deities have been made. These figures represent 10 avatars. Among the avatars lord Buddha is one figure. There is a huge pond known as Madhav Pukhuri near the temple.
Pilgrimage in Hayagriva Madhava templeThe Hayagriva Madhava temple is a pilgrimage centre for both the Hindus and Buddhists. To the Hindus the Hayagriva Madhava temple is very important. In the temple the presiding deity is lord Vishnu. The deity is worshiped as the man lion incarnation of lord Vishnu.
According to Buddhist religion the Hayagriva Madhava temple is the place where Gautama Buddha attained nirvana. The temple is visited by Buddhist monks.
Doul festival, Bihu and Janamastami is celebrated every year in the temple.
How to reach Hayagriva Madhava templeThe Hayagriva Madhava Temple situated at Hajo which is 30 km to the west of Guwahati. The temple is easily accessible to devotees and tourists.
The nearest airport to Hajo is Guwahati airport.
The nearest railway station to Hajo is Guwahati railway station.
Road network is well connected from Guwahati to Hajo. Buses ply from Guwahati to Hajo regularly.
Poa MeccaPoa Mecca is a popular pilgrimage site in Hajo. The Poa Mecca is situated atop the Garurachala hills. It is also known as Barmagam. Poa Mecca is believed to have lump of earth of the Mecca. The site is very revered to the Muslims.
History of Poa MeccaPoa Mecca was built by an Iraqi preacher Ghiyasuddin Auliya in the 12th century AD. Muslims believe that Ghiyasuddin Auliya had brought a lump of land from Mecca in Saudi Arabia and built the Poa Mecca. While some other indications like a Persian epigraph at the site of the mosque reveal that the Mecca was built by Mir Lutfulla-e-Siraj in 1657 during the reign of emperor Shah Jahan. Ahom king Rudra Singha during that time paid good attention for the development of the mosque.
Structure of Poa MeccaThe Poa Mecca is built of white stone. It is decorated with rotating geometric designs and blue panels. Poa Mecca is noted for the tomb of Pir Ghiyasuddin Auliya.
Pilgrimage in Poa MeccaPoa Mecca is a sacred place for the Muslims. As the Mecca was built by soil brought from Mecca in Saudi Arabia it is a popular belief that by paying homage in the Poa Mecca one gains one fourth of spiritual enlightment of the Mecca. Poa means one fourth. That is why this place is called Poa Mecca. Pilgrims gain one fourth of the blessings paid in Mecca by offering prayers here. During March and April thousands of pilgrims gather in the Mecca to celebrate Urs.
How to reach Poa MeccaBy Road:
Poa Mecca is situated at Hajo which is 32 km away from Guwahati. Buses ply regularly from Guwahati to Hajo.
Devotees can board train from Guwahati railway station which is the nearest railway station to Hajo.
The nearest airport is Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi Airport at Guwahati.
Kedareswar TempleThis temple is situated on the top of Madanachala hill in Hajo. It is located about 32 kms north-west of Guwahati in Kamrup district. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva who is popularly known here as Kedareswara or Kedara. The temple has inscriptions belonging to the Rajeshwar Singha period. King Rajeshwar Singha joined two walls in the gateway of the temple in the year 1753. Lord Shiva is worshipped here regularly in the form of Linga known as the Sayambhu Linga. The Linga is a big one made of stone as its main sanctum. The Lings appears to be an Ardhanariswara form of Lord Shiva. The Lings is always kept covered with a big metal bowl. Many devotees from different parts of the region come here annually to offer their devotion.
Joy Durga TempleThis temple was built by the ruling king of 1774 AD, King Lakshminath Singha of Ahom Dynasty. The temple is a popular Durga temple and has a ten armed stone image of the Goddess on the temple altar.
Ganesh TempleThe Ganesh temple is another place of worship dedicated to Lord Ganesh. It is built on a giant elephant shaped natural rock. This temple is also called Deva Bhavana as it serves as a meeting place for all the deities of the area. The temple was built during the reign of Ahom King Pramatta Singha in 1744 AD.
Dhoparguri SatraThis Satra was established by Sri Madhavdeva in the year 1587. The Satra was originally a three room Satra during its construction. However, at present it is equipped with numerous holy spots like Gokrana, Vikrana and Swargdwar. It is a revered shrine for tourists as well as natives.
Kamesware TempleIt is one of the sacred places in Hajo and was constructed by Ahom King Pramatta Singha during the 18th century. The temple possesses a Shiva Linga similar to the calanta idol of Kedar Shiva. It was originally a place of Madan Kamadev worship, but with time, that identity got lost and it was converted to a Shiva temple.
This temple was earlier one of the prominent Shiva temples. However, at present this temple lost its glory after the great earthquake of 1897 AD. At present, it has become a subordinate temple of Kedar temple.
Transport Services in HajoBy Air:
The nearest airport to Hajo is Guwahati airport.
The nearest railway station to Hajo is also at Guwahati.
The main road network to Hajo is bus service from Guwahati. Buses are available on everyday basis from Guwahati to Hajo and vice versa.
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